Court Strikes 3 Parts of Arizona Law; Lets Police Check Stand

The U.S. Supreme Court today rejected key provisions in Arizona's tough anti-immigration law, but let stand controversial police checks of immigration status. In Arizona v. U.S., a 5-3 majority, led by Justice Anthony Kennedy, held that three of four provisions in the law challenged by the Obama Administration were preempted by federal immigration law. Kennedy said the three provisions were preempted because they either conflicted with federal law or because Congress has "occupied the field" with federal regulation, and "even complementary state regulation" is impermissible.

But the majority held that Section 2(B) was not preempted -- at least not until there has been experience with its application. Under that section, state officers are to make a "reasonable attempt" to determine the immigration status of any person they stop, detain or arrest on some other legitimate basis if reasonable suspicion exists that the person is unlawfully in the country. Anyone who is arrested also must have his or her immigration status determined before being released. In light of this decision, the American Bar Association called on authorities "to avoid unnecessary, prolonged detention of individuals who are lawfully present in the United States." The National Asian Pacific American Bar Association also weighed in with its reaction, saying it is concerned that "communities of color throughout our nation will be negatively targeted as a result, and that community policing efforts on the part of law enforcement will also suffer."

Read more about the decision in the Blog of Legal Times