News

U.S. Army Reverses Plan to Deport Immigrant Solider

Following a lawsuit, the Army has reversed its decision to discharge a citizenship-seeking immigrant solider, The Washington Post reports. In a federal court filing, the Army acknowledged that its plan to discharge Lucas Calixto was “improper.” Calixto previously filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court challenging the move, claiming the Army violated its own policies by not explaining why he was discharged or given a chance to respond.
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Tennessee Immigration Judges Order Record Number of Deportations

Deportation orders in Tennessee, Arkansas and northern Mississippi have increased nearly 50 percent since 2016, The Tennessean reports. The increase can be traced to the appointment of Judge Vernon Miles, who has a track record of denying almost every asylum case, an increased number of Central American immigrants seeking asylum, and policies established by U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Tennessee’s only immigration court is in Memphis, which handles cases from four states.
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Federal Judge Temporarily Halts Deportation of Recently Reunited Families

A federal judge today temporarily halted the deportations of families that have been recently reunited, The Hill reports. Attorneys for the American Civil Liberties Union, which filed the request to halt the deportations, said the delay was necessary because of “persistent and increasing rumors that mass deportations may be carried out imminently and immediately upon reunification.” Judge Dana Sabraw gave the government one week to file a brief in opposition.
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U.S. Army Discharging Immigrant Recruits, Lawsuit Filed

Some immigrant U.S. Army reservists and recruits who enlisted with a promised path to citizenship are being discharged without explanation, the Associated Press reports. Immigration attorneys say that there have been more then 40 known cases but the exact total is unclear. Reservist Lucas Calixto, a Brazilian immigrant who says he doesn’t know why he was suddenly discharged, filed a lawsuit last week in Washington, D.C., alleging the Defense Department didn’t give him the chance to defend himself or appeal. Spokespeople for the Pentagon and the Army said that they were unable to comment on the discharges due to the pending litigation.
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Republican Legislators File Brief in Refugee Resettlement Appeal

After state Attorney General Herbert Slatery declined to appeal the dismissal of a legal challenge to the federal refugee resettlement program, Republican state legislators have filed their own appeal with help from the Michigan-based Thomas More Law Center, the Nashville Post reports. The suit argues that the federal resettlement program violates the 10th Amendment by passing costs on to the states. The plaintiffs, which include the Tennessee General Assembly, Sen. John Stevens and Rep. Terri Lynn Weaver, are asking for oral arguments.
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Federal Judge Orders Government to Reunite Migrant Parents with Children

U.S. District Court Judge Dana Sabraw issued a preliminary injunction yesterday ordering the federal government to reunite migrant children with their parents, Politico reports. The injunction requires nearly all children younger than 5 be returned to their parents within 14 days and older children within 30 days. “The government readily keeps track of personal property of detainees in criminal and immigration proceedings,” Sabraw wrote in his 24-page order. “Yet, the government has no system in place to keep track of, provide effective communication with, and promptly produce alien children. ... Certainly, that cannot satisfy the requirements of due process.”
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U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Trump Travel Ban

The U.S. Supreme Court today ruled 5-4 to uphold President Donald Trump’s travel ban, bolstering the president’s control over the nation’s borders and giving him a political victory on a legal battle that dates to the start of his presidency, Bloomberg reports. The ban in its current form affects seven countries, five of which are predominantly Muslim, and indefinitely bars more than 150 million people from entering the country.
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Trump Suggests Forgoing Due Process for Immigrant Deportations

President Donald Trump yesterday said that the country should consider deporting immigrants with “no Judges or Court Cases,” Politico reports. Trump added that the current system, which is handled at the federal level by immigration judges, is a “mockery to good immigration policy and Law and Order.” He did not elaborate on whether this applied to asylum-seekers or just to those crossing the border illegally.
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Schedule Time to Read Email

A Tip from the TBA Attorney Well-Being Committee

Rather than checking on every e-mail as it arrives, schedule time in your calendar for reading and managing e-mail (and leave e-mail notifications silent during the other times of the day). This will enable you to have focused time for given tasks without constant interruption and distraction.

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DOJ Asks Judge to Remove 20-day Limit on Detaining Migrant Families

The Justice Department today sought permission from a federal judge to detain immigrant families longer than 20 days in order to keep children with their parents, CBS News reports. The move comes after President Donald Trump signed an order to stop the practice of separating immigrant children from their parents. The administration’s zero-tolerance policy will remain, but families will be kept together in detention.
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ABA Asylum Project Lawyer Describes Scene at Border

In a new article in the ABA Journal, an attorney with the American Bar Association’s South Texas Pro Bono Asylum Representation Project describes representing families arrested at the border. Kimi Jackson talks about federal policy changes, en masse hearings and representing underage clients in the piece.
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Judge Tosses Kansas' Proof-of-Citizenship Voter Law, Rules that Attorney Must Take Extra CLE

A federal judge on Monday decided that Kansas cannot require people to prove their U.S. citizenship before they can vote, ruling the state's election law is unconstitutional, reports NPR. Chief District Judge Julie A. Robinson blasted Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach — who led President Trump's voter fraud commission — over disclosure violations, stating the violations “document a pattern and practice by [Kobach] of flaunting disclosure and discovery rules that are designed to prevent prejudice and surprise at trial.” Kobach was ordered by the judge to take continuing legal education classes on the rules of evidence or procedure in addition to any other CLE education required by his law license. Kobach is running for governor of Kansas, reportedly locked in a tight Republican primary race against the incumbent. You can read the full opinion here.

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6th Circuit’s Decision in Gutierrez v. Sessions Adds It to Circuit Split on Issue

In U.S. immigration law, aliens with “aggravated felony” convictions are disqualified from numerous defenses to deportation/removal, including “LPR cancellation.”[i]However, a current disjunct in the law has caused a substantial split among the circuit court of appeals. 

Under the “categorical approach” to crimmigration, an ambiguous record does not create an “aggravated felony.”[ii]However, when seeking relief from removal, the alien bears the burden of proof by a preponderance of the evidence.[iii]The question created is, can the same record of proceedings truly create an “aggravated felony” for one purpose (relief), but not another (deportability)? Numerous circuits have split on this issue.[iv]

On April 16, 2018, the Sixth Circuit waded into the debate, issuing a published decision that may wind its way to the U.S. Supreme Court.[v]On a circuit-split issue, Gutierrez v. Sessions held: “[W]here a petitioner for relief under the INA[vi]was convicted under an overbroad and divisible statute, and the record of conviction is inconclusive as to whether the state offense matched the generic definition of a federal statute, the petitioner fails to meet her burden.” 887 F.3d at 779.  

Miriam Gutierrez is a 60-year-old Bolivian grandmother who has been a legal permanent resident (“LPR”) for many years. Her case originated in Memphis Immigration Court, where Sheryl Hurst represented her in proceedings before Immigration Judge Rebeca Holt. Hurst appealed IJ Holt’s decision to the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), prompting a decision that set the case up perfectly for further appeal. The undersigned took over at the Sixth Circuit level, and Sean Lewis of Nashville was able to temporarily obtain the reinstatement of an “Order of Supervision” so that Gutierrez could remain on immigration parole while her Sixth Circuit case progressed. 

Gutierrez has a colorful case history, and at issue in the Sixth Circuit case was her Virginia conviction for credit card fraud. The BIA ruled, and the Sixth Circuit agreed, that only some sections of the Virginia statute were “aggravated felonies”. However, Gutierrez’s record of conviction failed to reveal which section of the statute applied to her conviction. As the Court explained, “the sole issue in dispute [is] which side may claim the benefit of the record’s ambiguity.” 887 F.3d at 775 (internal quotation marks and brackets omitted). The Court acknowledged the Supreme Court’s ruling in Moncrieffethat a court examining the effect of a state conviction “must presume that the conviction ‘rested upon [nothing] more than the least of th[e] acts’ criminalized.” Id.at 776, quoting Moncrieffe, 569 U.S. at 190-91. It concluded, however, that Moncrieffe’s presumption applies only to determinations of removability, not relief from removal, and only when applying the categorical approach, not the modified categorical approach. Id.

In a very exciting turn of events for the Petitioner, one of the largest firms in the country, Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe has entered a pro bono appearance in her case, petitioning for rehearing to the Sixth Circuit, and vowing, if necessary, to take her case to the Supreme Court. Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe has formed a nation-wide team of six attorneys in the case, led by Brian P. Goldman and Cynthia Stein in San Francisco. Their Petition for Rehearing is soon to be submitted, and in the meanwhile they have also applied for a Stay of Removal to the U.S. Supreme Court. Triche remains counsel of record in the Sixth Circuit and the Supreme Court cases. 

Gutierrez is now detained in Jena, Louisiana, awaiting her fate. I will keep you updated on new developments.


[i]8 U.S.C.A. § 1229b(a), INA § 240A(a) (Westlaw 2018) (LPR Cancellation); 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43), INA § 101(a)(43) (aggravated felony definition).

[ii]See, e.g., Moncrieffe v. Holder, 569 U.S. 184 (2013).

[iii]8 U.S.C.A. §1229(a)(c)(4); INA § 240(c)(4).

[iv]See, e.g., Lucio-Rayos v Sessions, 875 F.3d 575, 582-83, 583 n.14 (10th Cir. 2017); Sauceda v. Lynch, 819 F.3d 526, 531-32, 532 n.10, 534 (1st Cir. 2016). The Ninth Circuit is currently reconsidering the issue. Marinelarena v. Sessions, 886 F. 3d 737 (9th Cir. Mar. 29, 2018). 

[v][v]Gutierrez v. Sessions, 887 F.3d 770 (6thCir. 2018).                                

[vi]U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101 et seq. (1952). 


Dr. Alicia Triche is the founder of Triche Immigration Appeals, based in Memphis, Tennessee, where she exclusively practices immigration with a focus on direct legal representation for clients facing US immigration appeals, and á la carte services for U.S. attorneys. Alicia is a graduate of George Washington University Law School and College of Lady Margaret at Oxford University, where she received her ‘D.Phil.’ in law and authored the doctoral thesis – “International Refugee Law and National Security.”  She may be reached ataliciatrichedphil@gmail.comor 901-322-8207.

— Dr. Alicia Triche is the founder of Triche Immigration Appeals, based in Memphis, Tennessee, where she exclusively practices immigration with a focus on direct legal representation for clients facing US immigration appeals, and á la carte services for U.S. attorneys. Alicia is a graduate of George Washington University Law School and College of Lady Margaret at Oxford University, where she received her ‘D.Phil.’ in law and authored the doctoral thesis – “International Refugee Law and National Security.”  She may be reached at 901-322-8207.

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Customs Enforcement's I-9 Audits Will Increase by 400 Percent in Fiscal Year 2018

As I have discussed numerous times in this blog, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), under the Trump administration, has significantly increased I-9 inspections/audits of employers to verify that their employees are authorized to work in the country and determine whether substantive paperwork violations have occurred. Now, we have statistics which substantiate the heightened activity of ICE in worksite enforcement. 

FY 2018 Statistics on ICE Audits

Between October 1, 2017, the beginning of fiscal year 2018, and May 4, 2018, there have been 2,282 ICE audits of employers’ I-9 forms while in the prior fiscal year, October 2016 and September 2017, there were 1,360 audits. Derek Benner, head of ICE's Homeland Security Investigations unit, said another nationwide wave of audits, like the ICE audits of 7-Eleven in January 2018, planned this summer, would push the total number of audits to "well over" 5,000 by the end of the fiscal year, September 30, 2018. If so, that would be almost a 400 percent increase from fiscal year 2017 and highest number of ICE audits ever. ICE audits, as we know them today, started in George W. Bush’s administration. ICE audits previously peaked at 3,127 in 2013.

ICE’s Plan for 15,000 ICE Audits Per Year

According to Benner, ICE has developed a plan to conduct as many as 15,000 I-9 audits a year if it can receive appropriate funding and support from other areas of the Trump administration. The plan calls for creation of an Employer Compliance Inspection Center to perform employer audits at a single location instead of at regional offices around the country. Benner said that putting up to 250 auditors in one center with the right technology and a team of attorneys to quickly levy fines would enable his agency to audit between 10,000 and 15,000 companies annually. 

Benner stated one of the goals of this proposal is to create a "reasonable expectation" among employers that they will be audited.  "This is kind of our vision of creating this culture of compliance," he said. "I think it's a game-changer."

The plan also proposes changing the manner of delivery of the ICE Notice of Inspection (NOI) from in person to email or certified mail. Furthermore, after an initial review, by electronically scanning the I-9 forms for suspicious activity, the most egregious cases will be sent to regional offices for more in-depth investigation. 

Benner said the agency will focus both on criminal cases against employers as well deporting employees who in the country illegally.The statistics show there were 594 employers arrested on criminal work-related immigration charges from October 1 to May 4, up from 139 during the previous fiscal year. 

Deportation Numbers in Worksite Enforcement Will Rise

The deportation numbers will certainly increase due to this worksite enforcement as ICE has begun to detain employees listed on the Notice of Suspect Documents. Prior administrations did not detain undocumented workers on theNotice of Suspect Documents which lead many undocumented workers to quit one employer and find work down the road with another employer. As Brenner and many other immigration officials have stated, hiring undocumented workers creates unfair advantages for companies, encourages people to come to the U.S. illegally, results in document and identity fraud, exposes workers to potentially dangerous conditions without proper equipment, and leads to failure to pay overtime pay.

ICE Raids

Not only have ICE audits drastically increased, but now ICE has returned to conducting ICE raids. The first raid occurred in April 2018 at a meat slaughterhouse in Bean Station, Tennessee while the second one was in June 2018 at Corso’s Flower and Garden Center in Sandusky, Ohio and Castalia, Ohio. Both raids led to about 100 employees being detained by ICE.

Bean Station ICE Raid

The Bean Station raid hit very close to home. If you wonder how Southeastern Provisions, a slaughterhouse, got onto ICE’s radar, the answers lie in a 26-page affidavit from an IRS Special Agent filed in federal court to obtain a criminal search warrant. gives insight as to what led to the IRS’s involvement in the raid.  It was due to probable cause to believe the company violated federal law by filing false tax returns, willfully failing to collect federal employment taxes, and evading the assessment and payment of other federal employment taxes.  

According to the affidavit, federal authorities were originally tipped off by bank employees about large cash withdrawals from Citizens Bank in Morristown made by management/owners of Southeastern Provisions. When bank employees questioned the transactions, the affidavit said they were told the cash was used for payroll. Investigators say $25 million in cash was withdrawn from the bank accounts beginning in 2008. Thereafter, for an unknown reason, bank officials toured the slaughterhouse in December 2016 and they were told by management that most of their employees were Hispanic and paid weekly in cash.

On IRS forms, Southeastern Provisions reported only 44 employees to the government. But based on aerial surveillance, 87 vehicles were found parked at the plant, leading authorities to believe the plant was employing 30-40 more undocumented immigrants. Using numbers from the investigation, the government estimated if Southeastern Provisions had properly reported wages to the IRS, they would have an additional $2.5 million payroll taxes from 2013-2016 on top of what they had already paid.

Takeaways

If these heightened I-9 audits by ICE and ICE raids frighten you, then now is the time to be vigilant in immigration compliance. I would advise employers to meet with their immigration counsel, or obtain immigration counsel, to conduct an internal I-9 audit and draft or review an immigration compliance policy. If you want to know more information on employer immigration compliance, I recommend you read The I-9 and E-Verify Handbook, a book I co-authored with Greg Siskind, and available here.


— Bruce E. Buchanan is the founding partner of Sebelist Buchanan Law PLLC located in Nashville and Atlanta. He is also “Of Counsel” to Siskind Susser PC on employer immigration compliance matters. Buchanan is a graduate of Vanderbilt University School of Law. He may be reached at (615) 345-0266.

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Is Separation of Families at Border Really Required by Law?

Under the Immigration and Naturalization Act, entering the United States without permission, reentering the country without permission after a prior deportation or removal order, or assisting someone in an illegal entry to the U.S. is a crime and actors can be prosecuted in the criminal justice system. 

Previous administrations chose to deport most offenders from the United States rather than prosecuting them. When families entered the country without proper documentation, the government used family detention facilities, allowing the whole family to stay together while awaiting their deportation cases to be heard in Immigration Court, or the government released them, and mandated families be tracked while waiting for a court date. In these cases, children were separated from the adults they entered with: (1) where the family relationship could not be established, (2) a family member could not demonstrate credible fear of returning to their home country, (3) child trafficking was suspected, or (4) there were not sufficient family detention facilities available. 

In contrast, the new administration has chosen to prosecute immigrants under criminal statutes resulting in separation of migrant parents, most of them asylum seekers, from their minor children. When adults are detained and prosecuted in the criminal justice system for immigration offenses, their children cannot, by law, be housed with them in criminal jails, so the family is separated. The children are placed in shelters with the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), which is part of the Department of Health and Human Services, until they can be released to a family member, a guardian, or a foster family in the United States. 

In May 2018, Attorney General Jeff Sessions revealed the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security have agreed to take a zero-tolerance approach to people who cross into the U.S. along the southwestern border outside an official point of entry. Homeland Security, which oversees the Customs & Border Protection, refers every adult illegal entrant to the Justice Department for criminal prosecution, while children are held separately.In two speeches before law enforcement officials in Arizona and California, Sessions stated: "If you cross this border unlawfully, then we will prosecute you. It's that simple," said Sessions. "If you smuggle illegal aliens across our border, then we will prosecute you. If you are smuggling a child, then we will prosecute you and that child will be separated from you as required by law. If you don't like that, then don't smuggle children over our border."

Why does Trump say there’s a “Democratic law” requiring the separation of families?

Trump has responded to criticisms of family separation by claiming that a “Democratic law” requires him to do it, and if Congress doesn’t like it, they can change the law. There is no law that requires immigrant families to be separated. The decision to charge everyone crossing the border with illegal entry, and the decision to charge asylum seekers in criminal court rather than waiting to see if they qualify for asylum are both decisions the Trump administration has made. Again, other than that children cannot be housed in criminal jails with adults, there is no law that specifically requires separation.

Is this a change in policy?

Not necessarily. In 2005, the Bush administration also referred many people who violated immigration laws for prosecution in federal courts, although most prosecutions were for the felony charge of illegal reentry, not for first-time offenders. The Obama administration continued and expanded the policy through 2014, but later changed its enforcement priorities towards targeting immigrants with criminal records. The Obama administration also separated families to deter illegal border crossings after 2014 when more children and families fled violence in Central American countries. 

In other words, family separation is not new. In 2016, our client, Mr. A., arrived at a port of entry near Roma, Texas, with his wife and his then 4-year-old son to seek asylum. The family fled Guatemala after Mr. A., a bus driver, was beaten by two corrupt police officers who robbed and threatened him. At the time, Mr. A. was grieving the murder of his brother, who was kidnapped, tortured and killed by gang members after he refused to join them. He was found inside a dumpster with a deep cut in his neck. Despite having committed no crime and having followed the correct protocol for seeking asylum, Mr. A. was detained. He was sent to a county jail in Michigan, while his wife and child were released and traveled to Nashville to live with relatives. Four months later, Mr. A. was released on bond after an asylum officer found that he established a Credible Fear of torture. Their cases have been consolidated and the family is waiting for an individual hearing before an Immigration Judge. 

The new “zero-tolerance” policy

Immigration advocates allege that the new zero-tolerance policy against immigration violations will cause more families to be separated than before.

The Immigration and Naturalization Act clearly allows for criminal prosecutions of illegal entry and reentry. And as indicated above, it has been used previously. One issue is whether the use of prosecutions, and the consequent separation of children from parents seeking asylum is legal. Immigration advocates have argued that the application of this law must respect due process rights, and several lawsuits have been filed challenging the policy on that ground. 

On June 6, a federal judge in California ruled that a challenge to the practice of separating parents seeking asylum from children at the border can proceed. The ACLU brought the case against the Trump administration. The judge's ruling has brought some hope to immigration attorneys and advocates. It is difficult to predict the intended and unintended consequences of the “zero-tolerance” policy. Until then, children and asylum seekers continue to suffer at shelters across the country.


— Marlen Santana Perez is the founder of Santana Law Firm, where she practices immigration law and family law. She is a native of Cuba and graduated with a Law Degree at Universidad Central in Villa Clara, Cuba and aJD at Nashville School of Law in 2014. Marlen can be reached at 615-540-1106.

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Sessions Bars Asylum Claims for Immigrants Fleeing Domestic Violence, Gangs

U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions ruled yesterday that immigrants are not eligible for asylum because of domestic violence and gang-related violence in their home countries, the LA Times reports. The order could block tens of thousands of people, mostly women, from fleeing to the United States. The ruling came in response to the case of a woman who said she was seeking asylum after years of physical, sexual and emotional abuse from an ex-husband.
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A Wellness Tip from the Attorney Well-Being Committee

Making an effort to notice the positive aspects of your life can have specific and beneficial results. Positive psychologists asked volunteers to each night write down three good things that happened that day and reflect for a few minutes on each one.  Benefits resulting from this exercise included increased happiness, increased moments of gratitude and other positive emotion, enhanced capacity for hope and optimism, improved physical health, and decreased depression.  Why not give this simple exercise a try? Think of three instances of something that went right during the past 24 hours, write them down, and spend a few minutes reflecting on them (i.e., cause of the good thing, my contribution to the good thing, similar good things can happen in the future if I do X, what this good thing means).  Do this for two weeks and see whether you notice a difference!

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Memphis Reporter Wins Stay of Deportation

Memphis Spanish-language reporter Manuel Duran, who was arrested in April while reporting on protests, received a stay of deportation, The Commercial Appeal reports. Duran, who was scheduled to be deported to El Salvador today, now remains in detention in Louisiana while his appeal is pending. Supporters of Duran say that as a reporter, his life is at risk were he to return to El Salvador.
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Haslam Will Allow ‘Sanctuary Cities’ Bill into Law, Won’t Sign

Gov. Bill Haslam will allow a measure prohibiting sanctuary cities in Tennessee to become law without his signature, The Tennessean reports. The new law will also require law enforcement officials to comply with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The Shelby County Commission, Nashville Metro Council, national organizations and local activists had pushed for Haslam to veto the bill. Haslam said that if he vetoed the bill, he believed there would be a special session of the legislature called to attempt to override his decision, and claimed that a veto would have prolonged a discussion that was “driving up a lot of fear on both sides.”
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Immigrant Graduates UTK Law 11 Years After Fleeing Venezuela

Karla Mendez, who fled Venezuela with her mother at the age of 13, graduated the University of Tennessee College of Law this week, after years of working multiple jobs as well as finally becoming a U.S. citizen. WATE reports that Mendez now wants to focus on helping other immigrants succeed.
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Share Your Thoughts on Proposed Amendments to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 6

The Supreme Court recently requested comment on proposed amendments to TSC Rule 6 that would require new attorneys to complete a Tennessee Law Course within one year of admission to the Tennessee bar. The Tennessee Bar Association has a working group on this issue and will be drafting comments in response to the court's Order for Comment. To ensure this comment best reflects members’ views and positions, the groups is looking for your feedback. Share your thoughts about the proposed amendments through this form by June 8.
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    Tennessee Lawmakers Appeal Refugee Resettlement Dismissal

    The Tennessee General Assembly is appealing a judge’s dismissal of its lawsuit against the federal government over the refugee resettlement program, the Associated Press reports. The lawsuit, filed in March 2017, argued that Tennessee spends money on health care and education as a part of the program, which the state in 2008 officially stopped participating in. The lawsuit did not have the backing of Gov. Bill Haslam or Attorney General Herbert Slatery, and is being handled by the Thomas More Law Center.
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    Sessions Talks Immigration at Gatlinburg Law Enforcement Conference

    U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions said he wasn’t “shedding tears” over the recent ICE raid on a meatpacking plant in Grainger County, Knoxnews reports. Sessions delivered remarks today at the Law Enforcement Training Conference in Gatlinburg, where he was introduced by U.S. District Attorney Doug Overbey. While speaking about undocumented immigrants during his 25-minute speech, Sessions also complained about the plant hiring undocumented workers, although critics of the raid pointed out that the plant has not faced any consequences for its role.
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    7 States File Suit to End DACA

    Texas and six other states have filed suit to challenge the lawfulness of DACA, arguing that former President Barack Obama's initial creation of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals in 2012 violated the Constitution and federal law, News Channel 5 reports. The move makes the future of the program even murkier and may ensure the question ends up before the Supreme Court.

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    Shelby County Commission to Haslam: Veto Sanctuary Cities Ban

    The Shelby County Commission voted yesterday to ask Gov. Bill Haslam to veto legislation that would ban sanctuary cities and require local authorities to cooperate with immigration officials, The Commercial Appeal reports. Haslam has until May 5 to decide on the bill, which would remove grant funding to any city that adopts such policies. Tennessee currently has no sanctuary cities or counties.
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